Krakow Photomonth is now in its eleventh edition, a feat which must be congratulated for any photography festival, especially one that appears to be somewhat 'off the map' of the traditional photography trail and also occurs yearly. Yet to focus too heavily on Photomonth's location as a negative point and the potential barriers faced would be a huge disservice to its innovative and engaging approach to programming, the thoughtful curation behind works on display and bold use of space.
Brought together under the umbrella theme of Fashion, Photomonth steps far beyond the study of its subject as superficial aesthetic often presented to us through mainstream media, and perpetuated via advertising and the industry that accommodates it. Instead, the impetus is to offer a probing investigation of fashion as language - an analysis of the cultural and social decisions and signs behind 'getting dressed', what it is to be human and the way we select and present our identities.
© Ghislain Dussart, Untitled, 1960s. Mixed media, 40 x 29.5 cm
Courtesy: Michael Fuchs Galerie GmbH
The major show is at Bunkier Sztuki Gallery of Contemporary Art, a striking example of Brutalist architecture in Poland. Curated by Pawel Szypulskijis entitled The Limits of Fashion, it can be seen as the flagship presentation, providing a vehicle for many of the ideas that are threaded throughout the festival. Given its size, The Limits of Fashion is divided into logical sections: Disguise, Disappearance, Uniform & Sign. Textual prompts are given from room to room such as: What does pretty mean? What is fashion? allowing viewers to be discursive in their thoughts and not just consumed with the imagery’s power of seduction.
Perhaps the most pleasant surprise in this show is the work of Simon Menner, a project titled From a Disguise Seminar, comprising a collection of briefing photos for Stasi agents (the secret police of the German Democratic Republic which dissolved in 1990), giving examples of how to disguise one's identity, become a tourist, amateur photographer or policeman. Playful and somewhat Sherman-esque without context, the images pull back the curtain of how fashion has been used to subversively implement and sustain a controlling and repressive regime. Similar themes are explored in Jarocin Music Festival Seen Through the Lens of the SB (the Polish Security Service which also ran until 1990).
© Simon Menner, From a Disguise Seminar, 2010-12
Another pick from The Limits of Fashion is a video piece named Elastic by artist Zbigniew Libera. An eccentric, revealing study of how we are branded by fashion through marks left by the elastic in our clothes, where Libera seems to spend most of the recording trying to convince his increasingly uncomfortable subjects to reveal some skin. Sarcastic responses by the artist, such as “well you're just an exceptional specimen of a human who wears trousers, and there is no trace of elastic” seem to over-ride the initial intention.
The most traditional example of work, dedicated to fashion photography's legacy can be found at the National Museum in a show titled Vanity. The work on display in this collection, despite its conventionality, lays down essential groundwork of classic photographs taken from Franz Christian Gundlach's twentieth century collection - showing artists including Guy Bourdin, Helmut Newton, Richard Avedon, Cecil Beaton and Erwin Blumenfeld.
In stark contrast to Vanity, and one of the more powerfully ethereal experiences to be had in Photomonth is the presentation of Nick Knight's SHOWstudio, a revolutionary online platform dedicated to new methods of showing moving fashion imagery that has grown since its launch in 2000 into a rich resource offering an insight into the entire creative process. Situated just outside of the Jewish Quarter in an abandoned school, currently about to begin a state of redefinition as luxury flats, the viewer is left alone to wander the dimly lit corridors, guided to video installations by sound echoing through the corridors. It is a truly sensory journey. The main feature is a looping archive of SHOWstudio films, projected on to the walls of a circular room in a multi-channel installation, bombarding the viewer with sound and vision from all angles.
Also noteworthy is an exhibition at the Galeria New Roman by Ukrainian duo, Tania Shcheglova and Roman Noven who operate under the moniker of Synchrodogs. The gallery sits at the top of a housing block in the south side of the city, and is itself a flat ripped out and re-purposed as project space. This is proof that a vast quantity of money is not necessarily required to conceive an exhibition, and working within a tighter budget can sometimes produce something more invigorating and surprising. The work, which explores the intersection between man and nature is presented in the form of posters varying in size, pasted directly to the wall. The do-it-yourself ethic behind the gallery and exhibiting artists shines through and is executed to tremendous effect.
© MAY magazine cover
Amongst the Main Programme and ShowOFF is the Experimental Section, a platform dedicated to capturing audiences in a different manner from the rest of the festival. This year, the section assumes the form of a 200-page glossy magazine, MAY, which has been made in a print run of 4000 copies. MAY has called upon a medley of collaborators ranging from people who are deeply invested in Poland's fashion industry to artists, editors, journalists as well as photographers to comment and critique on the state of the medium.
Part of the motivation for making the trip was a genuine desire to find out how cities outside of what might be considered traditional centres for the visual arts establish an infrastructure, how and if they function differently to major cities and, most crucially, what ripple effects are felt by audiences and artists on local and international levels.
Clearly, the festival organisers’ The Foundation for Visual Arts, have struck a neat balance between establishing wide networks through exhibiting international artists, inviting curators and also nurturing Poland's artistic and curatorial talent, of which there is plainly great amounts. Expansion of the ShowOFF section (a platform dedicated to showing the work of young Polish practitioners) within the festival this year, and the addition of the inaugural Krakow Photo Fringe testify to the aforementioned 'ripple-effects' and powerful legacy that Photomonth has been busy developing.